Tutorial - Chapter 3: Links, Links, Link
Can you imagine the Internet
without hyperlinks? It just wouldn't work, links are the
very soul of the Internet. That's why, in this chapter, we're
going to teach you everything you'll ever need to know about
site links. It's going to require a bit of practice, but
I guarantee the end result will be worthwhile.
When I first started learning
HTML, I dreamed of one day creating a tag that was named
after me (Adam). I dreamed that it would be named <a>,
which would be the first letter of my first name...
And then I found out that not
only was the <a> tag
taken already, but it was one of the most important tags
in all of HTML. It was the "Link" tag.
the <a> tag,
on its own, doesn't do anything. You have to specify a property
within it. Namely, you have to tell the tag what it should
Now, before we go into specifics,
there are two types of links. Absolute links and relative
links. Absolute links are used when you're linking to another
website. It's when you type out the URL completely, like http://www.founderweb.com/index.html.
On the other hand, relative links are when you just type
out the name of the file. Like this: index.html
You should always use absolute
links when you're linking to outside sites and you should
use relative links when you're linking to files on your website.
You can use absolute links on your own website, but this
takes a lot of time to do and, if you change to another domain
name in the future, you'll have to update a lot of links.
Here's an example of an absolute
link used in HTML. The biggest mistake people make with absolute
links is that they forget that all links must begin with http:// -
this is very important, as if you forget this part, your
link will be translated as a relative one and probably won't
here to visit FounderWeb!</a>
Remember, all properties need
an equal sign with quotation marks. The only property we
should be interested in for the <a> tag
is what I typed above, href.
It seems to be nonsensical, but it actually stands for "Hyper
Reference." You know, links are actually called "Hyperlinks" -
so that's where the "hyper" comes into play.
As with all tags, the code above
processes the tag to the text between where it opens and
closes. That is, in this case, it links the text for the
here to visit FounderWeb.com!
Let me explain relative links
a bit more, because they are quite useful. To use them correctly
(and not get a broken link), you need to know the directory
structure of your website.
If you're linking a file (let's
say contact.html) that's in the same folder as the HTML page
with the link, you simply type:
here to visit FounderWeb!</a>
If you're linking to a file
that's in a folder above the folder (let's say a folder named "pictures")
your HTML page is in, the format would be:
here to visit FounderWeb's Picture Section!</a>
And lastly, if you're linking
to a file that's in a folder below the folder your document
is located, the format would be:
here to visit FounderWeb's Contact Area!</a>
One of the most important uses
of the <a> tag
is linking to your email address. When you make such a link,
the moment your visitor clicks on it, it opens up his or
her email client to send you an email. The code for this
is very similar to a normal link with one difference...
The important part here is in
bold. Instead of starting your link address with "http://",
you start it off with the sub-property mailto:,
which is followed directly (no spaces!), by the person's
This is very easy, the most
common mistake made though is accidentally putting a space
after the colon in mailto: -
please don't do this!
Here are some important notes
Create a few links now that
lead to your favorite site. Even try and link to some images
online. Also, experiment with what you know using <font> tags
and <b> tags
to make your links different sizes and shapes.
Now that you understand hyperlinks,
it's time to move onto another very important use of HTML
- inserting images into your site! Imagine an Internet without
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